Kyustendil - spa resort & hotels
Kyustendil is a famous spa center, situated at 525 m above sea level in the southwestern part of Bulgaria, at the foot of Osogovo Mountain. Kyustendil is a town that was established and grew because of its hot mineral springs. Kyustendil is situated near an international route, near the border with the Republic of Macedonia, only 80km from the capital of Sofia.
The town has a long history. It is the ancient city of the Denteletii; in Roman times it was known as Pautalia (from the Thracian word “pote”- spring, “Town of Springs). In mediaeval times the town was called Velbuzhd. Nowadays tourists can walk through the ruins of the ancient buildings. During the Roman Empire the town was a spa and cultural center, a place for the relaxation and treatment of the Roman army. One of the largest Asclaepions in the Roman Empire was built here. It was situated around the curative thermal springs at the foot of the sacred Acropolis hill dotted with the temples of Apollo, Asclaepius, the Nympheum, the Holy Cavern and the Holt Wood. During the times of the Ottoman Empire the town was a spa location with many hammams (baths), some of which may be seen still here.
Today the town is known especially for its curative mineral waters, but is famous also as the Orchard of Bulgaria, a town of artists and musicians. Not far from the town is situated the largest peat-mud field in the country. The combination of hot healing water and peat makes Kyustendil a popular resort location.
The mineral water is hot 71-73°C, with mineralization 678mg/l, rich in met-silica acid and hydro-sulfide, containing hydrocarbon, sulfate and sodium ions. The resort is a place indicated especially for treatment of diseases of the peripheral nervous system, skin diseases, rheumatic diseases, and gynecological disorders.