Bulgaria (Bălgarija) - spa resorts & hotels
Bulgaria is situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. Its climate is characterized as mild continental, with a Mediterranean influence in the south part of the country.
There are about 150 deposits of mineral water in the territory with a capacity over 5000 l/s, which specifies our country as one of the richest in Europe. The variety of the mineral water is very great – from the cold springs at Voneshta voda (12°C) to the geyser at Sapareva banya (103°C) ; from the low mineralized water at Knyazhevo (122mg/l) to the waters in the region of Provadia (over 300,000 mg/l). Widespread in the country are mineral waters with mineralization under 1,000 mg/l; they are very tasty and could be used for drinking and external use, for cures, prophylaxis, recreation and restoration. Most of the deposits in Bulgaria are with sulfide (hydrogen sulphide), radon, silicon and fluoride waters. The mineral sources are usually situated in ecological parts of the country. Their deep origin prevents them from being polluted organically or from being influenced by meteorological conditions.
To this priceless natural wealth must be added the mud-curing deposits with firth mud on the Black Sea coast, the peat lakes in the central and west parts of the country, and the spring mud in the southwest part of Bulgaria.
Bulgarian balneology and spa treatment has been known in this geographical area since ancient times. This is evidenced by archeological data from the time of the Thracians, who worshipped running water. They built ‘nymphaeums’ where religious and health rituals took place. Later, during the times of the Roman Empire, many thermal settlements appeared. They included playgrounds, libraries, and theatres. The so-called ‘asklepions’ had a special significance – these were health sites where mineral water was the key to restoring the health of warriors and emperors of the Empire.
Most of the current spa resorts are built in the territories of the ancient Roman thermes. Nowadays one may find and taste there medical cure methods used in antiquity, skillfully combined with the latest trends in the field of balneology, SPA, and wellness.
The offer lists of spa resorts successfully combine: the natural sources (climate, healing mineral water, peloids, sea lye); famous Bulgarian essential oils from rose, lavender, menthe, thyme, and juniper; dietary nutrition based on traditional Bulgarian cuisine; measured physical activity.
Along with the individual program for prevention, rehabilitation, spa treatment or recreation, you will have the chance to visit natural phenomena, historical and cultural monuments, and to enjoy vivid and unique Bulgarian folklore.